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CADDIE (CADDY) - Someone who carries a player's club during play and offers him assistance in accordance with the rules.

CADDIE MASTER - The golf course employee in charge of managing the caddies.

CADDIE-CAR - A golf cart or car.

CALAMITY JANE - The name that Bobby Jones gave to his putter. Also putters modeled after his hickory-shafted blade putter.

CAN - In slang, to hole a putt.

CAP - The top end of a club grip and shaft.

CARD - A card used to record scores in stroke play. Also, to make a record of your score.

CARPET - A slang term referring to the putting green or fairway.

CARRY - The length of travel by the ball after it is hit to the place where it first hits the ground.

CART - A two-wheeled trolley on which a golf is fitted and pulled around the course. In some cases trolleys are battery powered. Can also refer to a golf car.

CART PATH - Usually a black top, concrete or dirt path that connects the tee box to the green.

CASUAL WATER - Any temporary accumulations of water that are visible before or after a player takes his stance and is not a hazard or in a water hazard. A player may lift his ball from casual water without penalty.

CENTER SHAFTED - Putter in which the shaft is joined to the center of the head.

CHARGE - To surge from behind and display superior play. Also to play or putt aggressively.

CHART THE COURSE - Pace each hole so that you know how far you are from the green.

CHILI-DIP - To hit the ground before the ball, producing a weak lofted shot.

CHIP SHOT - A short approach shot of low trajectory usually hit from near the green. It is normally hit with overspin or bite.

CHIP-AND-RUN - A chip shot including the run of the ball after landing. Also known as 'bump and run'.

CHIP IN - A holed chip shot.

CHOKE - To grip down farther on the club handle.

CHOP - To hit the ball with a hacking motion.

CLAGGY - As in "I've got a bit of a claggy lie". A lie that is a bit wet and muddy - of British origin - almost a claim for casual water but not quite!

CLAIM - The term used in match play to denote a protest by a player regarding a possible breach of the rules.

CLEEK - Any one of many narrow-bladed iron clubs used for long shots through the green from the rough or sand. Another name for the # 1 iron. Also, a shallower faced lofted wooden club. Another name for the #4 wood.

CLOSED STANCE - The left foot extends over the balls line of flight while the right foot is back.

CLEAT - The spike on the sole of a golf shoe.

CLOSED FACE - When the clubface is pointed to the left of the target when you address the ball.

CLOSED STANCE - A stance taken with the right foot pulled back, away from the ball.

CLUB - The implement used in golf to strike the ball. Consists of a shaft, grip and a clubhead of wood or metal.

CLUB FACE - The actual part of the club you want to hit the ball on. This is the flat part of the clubhead (which may be at an angle).

CLUB HEAD - The hitting area of the club.

CLUBHOUSE - The main building on the course.

CLUBHOUSE LAWYER - A self-appointed caller or arbiter of the rules.

COCK - To bend the wrists backwards in the backswing.

COLLAR - The grassy fringe surrounding the putting green.

COLORBALL - A team game with teams of 3 or 4 players in which one player uses a colored ball. Team score comprises the score with the colored ball plus the best of the other 2 or 3 players. Players alternate holes playing with the colored ball.

COME BACK SHOT - The shot you make after you have overshot the hole.

COMMITTEE - The collective name for those in charge of a competition or a course.

COMPRESSION - The flattening of the ball against the clubface at impact. Also the degree of resilience of a ball.

CONCEDED PUTT - A putt that your opponent has awarded to you, acknowledging that you will either make the putt or don't need to.

CONDOR - A four-under par shot. A hole-in-one on a par 5 for example. Has occurred on a hole with a heavy dogleg, hard ground and no trees. Might also be called "a triple eagle".

CONFUSION - a game in which a point is awarded to the first player of the group to get to the green, one for the players closest to the pin and one for the first player to hole out. The winner is the player with the highest number of points.

CONTROL SHOT - A shot that is played with less than full power.

CORE - The center of the golf ball.

COURSE - The playing area which is usually made up of 9 or 18 holes with each hole having a tee off area, fairway and green.

COURSE RATING - The comparison of playing one course as opposed to another in terms of difficulty. It is expressed in strokes or decimal fractions of strokes. The yardage of the course and the ability of a scratch golfer are the basis for determination

CRACK - To allow one's good play to suffer when under pressure.

CROSS-BUNKER - A lengthy bunker that is situated across the fairway.

CROSS-HANDED GRIP - A putting grip in which the lead hand is placed below the opposite hand. This is contrary to traditional grips.

CUP - The container in the hole holds the flagstick in pace.

CUPPY - A deep and enclosed lie.

CUT - The score that reduces the field to a pre-determined number and eliminates players in a tournament. Usually made after 36 of a 72 hole tournament.

CUT SHOT - A controlled shot that results in the ball stopping almost immediately on the green without roll.
DANCE FLOOR - for the green. As in 'you're on the dance floor'.

DAWN PATROL - Golfers who tee off early to avoid the heavy traffic.

DAYTONA - A game for 4 players divided into 2 sides. The scores of a side for each hole are combined to form a number of points; if one plyaer has a score of par or better then the lower score of the team is placed first - if the scores on a par 3 are 3 and 4 then the team score is 34. But if the best score for the hole is over par then the higher must be placed first - if scores on a par 3 are 4 and 5, the team score is 54. The side with the lower number of points for the round wins.

DEAD BALL - A ball is said to be dead when there is no doubt that it will be sank on the next shot.

DEEP-FACED - Pertaining to a clubface and meaning having a club face that is relatively thick from top to bottom.

DEUCE - A hole made in two strokes. Primarily used in the United States.

DEW SWEEPERS - The first groups of golfers on the course in the morning.

DIMPLE - The round indentations on the golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight.

DIVOT - A piece of turf removed with by the club when making a shot. It is always replaced and tamped down.

DOGLEG - A left or right bend in the fairway.

DORMIE - When playing in match play, being five up with five to go, four up with four left, etc. To be as many holes up as there are to play. Sometimes spelled dormy.

DOUBLE BOGEY - A score of two over par for a single hole.

DOUBLE EAGLE - A score of three under par for a single hole. Same as "albatross"

DOUBLE GREEN - One very large green that serves as the putting surface for two different holes on a golf course.

DOWN - Being a specific number of holes behind your opponent.

DOWNHILL LIE - When addressing the ball and your right foot is higher than your left (for right-handed players).

DOWNSWING - The motion of swinging a club from the top of the swing to the point of impact.

DQ'd - Slang for a golfer being disqualified.

DRAIN - To sink a putt.

DRAW - The pairing of golfers for a match play tournament.

DRAW SHOT - A controlled "hook" used to get in position for the next shot or get out of trouble. A shot that curves from left to right. To play a shot so that it curves owing to sidespin from right to left with a right-handed player. Conversely from right to left for a left-handed player.

DRIVE - To hit the ball with maximum force and full stroke. Usually with a driver from the tee.

DRIVE-AND-PITCH - The type of hole on which the green can be reached with a drive and a pitch. Could also refer to a course where all holes are of this type.

DRIVER - The longest-hitting modern wooden club, used primarily from the tee when maximum distance is required. Also called the No. 1 wood.

DRIVING IRON - Another name for the number one iron. Formerly one of various iron clubs used for shots through the green.

DRIVING MASHIE - Obsolete club with less loft than a mashie iron and used for driving and long shots through the green.

DRIVING PUTTER - Obsolete wooden club used primarily for low shots into the wind.

DRIVING RANGE - An area or building used for the purpose of practicing tee-shots and other strokes.

DROP - To deposit the ball on the course after which you put the ball back in play after it has been declared unplayable or after the ball has been lost.

DUB - A missed or badly-hit shot.

DUFF - To mishit a shot by hitting the ground behind the ball and then top the ball.

DUFFER - An unskilled golfer. Also called a hacker.

DUNCH - A fat hit from a claggy lie. British origin.

DUNK - To hit your ball into a water hazard.
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Golf Glossary/Terms
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